Beekeeping, also called apiculture, is the care and maintenance of honey bee colonies by humans. Modern beekeepers (apiarists) use human-made structures to house their colonies.

Depictions of humans collecting honey date back 10,000 years, and evidence of beekeeping and domestication of bees have been found in North Africa through pottery and Egyptian art.

Beekeepers keep bees to collect honey, wax, royal jelly and to pollinate crops. Commercial beekeepers will move their colonies to agricultural lands and operations to help promote pollination for food production.

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